Monetary Theory and the Trade Cycle

Geldtheorie und Konjunkturtheorie. (Beitrage zur Konjunkturforschung, heraus-gegeben vom Österreichisches Institut für Konjunkturforschung, No. 1). Vienna and Leipzig: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1929/2, xii, 147 pp. (England 1933, Japan 1935, Spain 1936.) Translated into English  by Lionel Robbins as Monetary Theory and the Trade Cycle. London: Jonathan Cape, 1933, 244 pp. American edition, New York: Harcourt Brace & Co., 1933. Reprinted New York: Augustus M. Kelley, 1966.
The German essay, of which the following is a translation, represents an expanded version of a paper prepared for the meeting of the Verein für Sozialpolitik, held in Zurich in September… More

Prices and Production

– Studies in Economics and Political Science, edited by the director of the London School of Economics and Political Sciences. No. 107 in the series of Monographs by writers connected with the London School of Economics and Political Science.) London: Routledge & Sons, 1931/2, xv, 112 pp. 2nd revised and enlarged edition, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1935/9, also 1967 edition, xiv, 162 pp. American edition, New York: Macmillan, 1932.
These seven works taken together represent the first integration and systematic elaboration of the Austrian theories of money, capital, business cycles, and comparative monetary… More

Monetary Nationalism and International Stability

– Geneva, 1937; London: Longmans, Green (The Graduate Institute of International Studies, Geneva, Publication Number 18), 1937, xiv, 94 pp. Reprinted New York: Augustus M. Kelley, 1964, 1971, 1974.
From Preface: “The five lectures which are here reproduced are necessarily confined to certain aspects of the wide subject indicated by the title. They are printed essentially as they… More

Profits, Investment, and Other Essays

– London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1939/3, viii, 266 pp., also 1969 edition. Reprinted New York: Augustus M. Kelley, 1969, 1970; Clifton, New Jersey: Augustus M. Kelley, 1975.
From Preface: “The essays collected in this volume are a selection from the various attempts made in the course of the past ten years to improve and develop the outline of a theory of… More

The Pure Theory of Capital

– London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1941/2 (also 1950 edition); Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1941 (also 1950, 1952 and 1975 editions); xxxi, 454 pp. (Spain 1946, Japan 1951 and 1952).
The Pure Theory of Capital, F. A. Hayek’s long-overlooked, little-understood volume, was his most detailed work in economic theory. Originally published in 1941 when fashionable economic… More

The Road to Serfdom

– London: George Routledge & Sons, 1944/1945/20 (also 1969 edition); Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1944/1945/20 (also 1969 edition), 250 pp.
An unimpeachable classic work in political philosophy, intellectual and cultural history, and economics, The Road to Serfdom has inspired and infuriated politicians, scholars, and general… More

Individualism and Economic Order

– London: George Routledge & Sons, 1948/5, also 1960, 1976; Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1948/5, also 1969, 1976, vii, 272 pp.
Excerpt: “Although the essays collected in this volume may at first appear to be concerned with a great variety of topics, I hope that the reader will soon discover that most of them… More

The Counter-Revolution of Science: Studies on the Abuse of Reason

– Glencoe, Illinois: The Free Press, 1952, 255 pp; new edition New York, 1964; 2nd edition with 1959 Preface to German edition, Indianapolis, Indiana: Liberty Press, 1979, also available in Liberty Press paperback.
Early in the last century the successes of science led a group of French thinkers to apply the principles of science to the study of society. These thinkers purported to have discovered the… More

The Sensory Order: An Inquiry into the Foundations of Theoretical Psychology

– London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1952; Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1952, xxii, 209 pp; new edition 1963/1976. Reprinted Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Phonenix Book paperback, 1963 (out of print). University of Chicago Press has reissued the paperback in a Midway Reprint, 1976, with the Heinrich Klüver Introduction.
A great deal of explanation would be necessary were I to justify why an economist ventures to rush in where psychologists fear to tread. But this excursion into psychology has little… More

The Political Ideal of the Rule of Law

– Cairo: National Bank of Egypt, Fiftieth Anniversary Commemorative Lectures, 1955, 76 pp. Publication of four lectures Hayek delivered at the invitation of the National Bank of Egypt.

The Constitution of Liberty

– London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1960; Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1960/1963/5 (also 1969 edition); Toronto: The University of Toronto Press, 1960, x, 570 pp. Also available in paperback: Chicago: Henry Regnery Co. Gateway Edition, 1972.
From Introduction: “If old truths are to retain their hold on men’s minds, they must be restated in the language and concepts of successive generations. What at one time are… More

Studies in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics

– London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1967/1969; Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1967/1969; Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1967/1969; x, 356 pp. Reprinted in paperback New York: Simon and Schuster Clarion Book, 1969.
The reason for the collection of essays presented here by Hayek is succinctly presented in the author’s preface: “This volume contains a selection from the work of the last… More

Freiburg Studies: Collected Essays

– Tübingen: Walter Eucken Institut (Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche und wirtschaftsrechliche Untersuchungen 5) J.C.B. Mohr/P. Siebeck, 1969, 284 pp.

Law, Legislation, and Liberty

– (3 volumes) London: Routledge & Kegan Paul; Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1973, xi, 184 pp. A trilogy published in the following sequence:
  • Vol. I, Rules and Order, 1973
  • Vol. II, The Mirage of Social Justice, 1976
  • Vol. III, The Political Order of a Free People, 1979
Law, Legislation and Liberty is the 1973 magnum opus in three volumes by Nobel laureate economist and political philosopher Friedrich Hayek. In it, Hayek further develops the philosophical… More

The Fatal Conceit: The Errors of Socialism

– William Warren Bartley, ed. The University of Chicago Press. 1991.
Editorial Foreword Preface Introduction: Was Socialism a Mistake? 1. Between Instinct and Reason 2. The Origins of Liberty, Property and Justice 3. The Evolution of the Market: Trade and… More


The Laws of Human Relationships and of the Rules to be Derived Therefrom for Human Action

– Hermann Heinrich Gossen. Entwicklung der Gesetze des menschlichen Verkehrs und der daraus fliessenden Regeln für menschliches Handeln. Introduced by Friedrich A. Hayek. 3rd edition. Berlin: Prager, 1927, xxiii, 278 pp.
“The Laws of Human Relationships and of the Rules to be Derived Therefrom for Human Action.” Cf.: A-15. Gossen’s (1810–1858) fame rests on this one book, first published in… More

Money and Capital: A Reply to Mr. Sraffa

– "Money and Capital: A Reply to Mr. Sraffa.” Economic Journal 42 (June 1932): 237–249  
Excerpt: “With an article devoted to a critical discussion of my Prices and Production, Mr. Sraffa has recently entered the arena of monetary controversy. There is no denying the fact… More

A Note on the Development of the Doctrine of ‘Forced Saving’

– “A Note on the Development of the Doctrine of ‘Forced Saving’.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 47 (November 1932): 123–133.
Excerpt: “The enhanced interest in the problem of “forced saving,” due to recent developments in the theory of industrial fluctuations, has led to the discovery of so many more or… More

Capital Consumption

– “Kapitalaufzehrung.” Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv 36 (July 1932/II): 86–108.

Gossen, Hermann Heinrich

– “Gossen, Hermann Heinrich.” Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences. New York: Macmillan, 1932. Vol. 7, p. 3.

Macleod, Henry D.

– “Macleod, Henry D.” Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences. New York: Macmillan, 1933. Vol. 2, p. 30.

Norman, George W.

– “Norman, George W.” Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences. New York: Macmillan, 1933. Vol. 2.

Contributions on Monetary Theory

Beiträge zur Geldtheorie. Edited and prefaced by Friedrich A. Hayek. Contributions by Marco Fanno, Marius W. Holtrop, Johan G. Koopmans, Gunnar Myrdal, Knut Wicksell. Vienna, 1933.

Capital and Industrial Fluctuations

– “Capital and Industrial Fluctuations.” Econometrica 2 (April 1934): 152–167.
Excerpt: A sympathetic criticism of the kind to which the views of the present author have been subjected by Messrs Hansen and Tout in a recent issue of ECONOMETRICA, offers a welcome… More

Carl Menger

– “Carl Menger.” Economica N.S. 1 (November 1934): 393–420.
Excerpt: “The history of economics is full of tales of forgotten forerunners, men whose work had no effect and was only rediscovered after their main ideas had been made popular by… More

Philippovich, Eugen von

– “Philippovich, Eugen von.” Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences. New York: Macmillan, 1934. Vol. 12, p. 116.


– “Saving.” Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences. New York: Macmillan, 1934. Vol. 13, pp. 548–552.

A Regulated Gold Standard

– “A Regulated Gold Standard.” The Economist (May 11, 1935).
Excerpt: “It is still impossible to predict when conditions will make a solution of international currency problems appear practicable. This does not mean that it is too early to ask… More

Edwin Cannan

– “Edwin Cannan” (Obituary). Zeitschrift für Nationalökonomie 6 (1935): 246–250.

Collectivist Economic Planning: Critical Studies on the Possibilities of Socialism

Collectivist Economic Planning: Critical Studies on the Possibilities of Socialism. Edited with an Introduction and a Concluding Essay by F. A. Hayek. Contributions by N. G. Pierson, Ludwig von Mises, Georg Halm, and Enrico Barone. London: George Routledge & Sons, 1935.
Excerpt: “There is reason to believe that we are at last entering an era of reasoned discussion of what has long uncritically been assumed to be a reconstruction of society on… More

Economic Planning in Soviet Russia

– Boris Brutzkus. Economic Planning in Soviet Russia. Edited and prefaced by Friedrich A. Hayek. London: George Routledge & Sons, 1935; xvii, 234 pp.
From a review: These two volumes, together with a translation (yet to appear) of Mises’ Die Gemeinwirtschaft, constitute a formidable counterattack by laissez-faire on all forms of… More

The Mythology of Capital

– “The Mythology of Capital.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 50 (1936): 199–228.
Excerpt: “Professor Knight’s crusade against the concept of the period of investment revives a controversy which attracted much attention thirty and forty years ago but was not… More

The International Monetary Situation

– “La situation monétaire internationale.” Bulletin Périodique de la Societé Belge d'Études et d'Expansion (Brussels), No. 103. (1936).

Economics and Knowledge

– “Economics and Knowledge.” Economica N.S. 4 (February 1937): 33–54.
Excerpt: “The ambiguity of the title of this paper is not accidental. Its main subject is of course the role which assumptions and propositions about the knowledge possessed by the… More

Investment that Raises the Demand for Capital

– “Investment that Raises the Demand for Capital.” Review of Economic Statistics 19 (November 1937).
Excerpt: “The purpose of this article is to state a proposition which underlies the modern “monetary over-investment theories” of the trade cycle in a form in which, as… More

The Gold Problem

– “Das Goldproblem.” Österreichische Zeitschrift für Bankwesen 2 (1937).

Freedom and the Economic System

– “Freedom and the Economic System.” Contemporary Review (April 1938).
Excerpt: The link between classical liberalism and present-day Socialism — often still misnamed liberalism — is undoubtedly the belief that the consummation of individual freedom… More

The Paradox of Saving

– "The Paradox of Saving," Profits, Interest and Investment: and Other Essays on The Theory on Industrial Fluctuations. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1939.
Excerpt: “The assertion that saving renders the purchasing power of the consumer insufficient to take up the volume of current production, although made more often by members of the… More

Price Expectations, Monetary Disturbances and Malinvestments

– “Price Expectations, Monetary Disturbances and Malinvestments," Profits, Interest and Investment: and Other Essays on The Theory on Industrial Fluctuations. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1939.
Excerpt: “The most characteristic feature of the work of our generation of economists is probably the general endeavor to apply the methods and results of the pure theory of… More

The Maintenance of Capital

– “The Maintenance of Capital,” Profits, Interest and Investment: and Other Essays on The Theory on Industrial Fluctuations. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1939.
Excerpt: “The significance of the problem. It is not likely that in the whole field of economics there are many more concepts which are at the same time so generally used and so… More

Economic Conditions of Inter-State Federation

– “Economic Conditions of Inter-State Federation.” New Commonwealth Quarterly 5 (London, 1939).
Excerpt: “It is rightly regarded as one of the great advantages of inter-state federation that it would do away with the impediments as to the movement of men, goods, and capital… More

An Enquiry into the Nature and Effects of the Paper Credit of Great Britain

– Henry Thornton. An Enquiry into the Nature and Effects of the Paper Credit of Great Britain (1802). Edited and introduced by Friedrich A. Hayek. London: Allen and Unwin, 1939.
Excerpt: “To most of the contemporaries of Henry Thornton his authorship of the book which is now reprinted after one hundred and thirty-six years would by no means have been regarded… More

Socialist Calculation: The Competitive ‘Solution’

– “Socialist Calculation: The Competitive ‘Solution’.” Economica N.S. 7 (May 1940): 125–149.
Excerpt: “Two chapters in the discussion of the economics of socialism may now be regarded as closed. The first deals with the belief that socialism will dispense entirely with… More

The Counter-Revolution of Science

– “The Counter-Revolution of Science.” Parts I-III. Economica N.S. 8 (February - August 1941): 281–320.
Excerpt: “In the course of its slow development in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries the study of economic and social phenomena was guided in the choice of its methods in… More

Maintaining Capital Intact: A Reply to Professor Pigou

– “Maintaining Capital Intact: A Reply [to Professor Pigou.]” Economica N.S. 8 (1941): 276–280.
Excerpt: “Professor Pigou’s defense of the conception of “maintaining capital intact” consists essentially of two parts. The first is a restatement of his own attempt to… More

Planning, Science and Freedom

– “Planning, Science and Freedom.” Nature 148 (November 15, 1941).
Excerpt: “The last ten years have witnessed in Great Britain a strong revival of a movement that for at least three generations has been a decisive force in the formation of opinion… More

The Ricardo Effect

– “The Ricardo Effect.” Economica N.S. 9 (1942).
Excerpt: “When in a recent essay on industrial fluctuations the author introduced “the familiar Ricardian proposition that a rise in wages will encourage capitalists to substitute… More

Scientism and the Study of Society

– “Scientism and the Study of Society.” Part I: Economica N.S. 9 (1942). Part II: Economica 10 (1943). Part III: Economica 11 (1944).
Excerpt: “In the course of its slow development in the 18th and early 19th centuries the study of economic and social phenomena was guided in the choice of its methods in the main by… More

John Stuart Mill, The Spirit of the Age

John Stuart Mill, The Spirit of the Age. Introduced by F.A. Hayek. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1942.
Hayek’s Introduction is entitled, “John Stuart Mill at the Age of Twenty-Four,” and surveys Mill’s intellectual development at the time of Mill’s famous essay, “The… More

A Commodity Reserve Currency

– “A Commodity Reserve Currency.” Economic Journal 53 (1943).
Excerpt: “The gold standard as we knew it undoubtedly have some grave defects. But there is some danger that the sweeping condemnation of it which is now the fashion may have secure… More

The Facts of the Social Sciences

– “The Facts of the Social Sciences.” Ethics 54 (October 1943).
Excerpt: “There there exists today no commonly accepted term to describe the group of disciplines with which we shall be concerned in this paper. The term “moral sciences,” in the… More

The Geometrical Representation of Complementarity

– “The Geometrical Representation of Complementarity.” Review of Economic Studies 10 (1942–1943): 122–125.
Excerpt: “Geometrical representation of complementarity encounters difficulties because complementarity involves a relationship between the three commodities and three-dimensional… More

The Case of the Tyrol

The Case of the Tyrol. London: Committee on Justice for the South Tyrol, 1944.

Richard von Strigl

– “Richard von Strigl” (Obituary). Economic Journal 54 (1944): 284–286.
Strigl, who died in 1944, was a “Neo-Austrian” involved in developing the theory of saving and investment and analyzing monopolistic competition theory.

The Use of Knowledge in Society

– “The Use of Knowledge in Society.” American Economic Review 35 (September 1945): 519–530.
Excerpt: “What is the problem we wish to solve when we try to construct a rational economic order? On certain familiar assumptions the answer is simple enough  if we possess all the… More

Time-Preference and Productivity: A Reconsideration

– “Time-Preference and Productivity: A Reconsideration.” Economica, N.S. no. 4, 12 (February 1945): 22–25.
Excerpt: “The question I wish here to reconsider is in the 1st instance the purely theoretical one of the relative importance, in determining the marginal productivity of investment,… More

Notes on N.W. Senior’s Political Economy’ by John Stuart Mill

– Edited: “‘Notes on N.W. Senior's Political Economy’ by John Stuart Mill.” Economica N.S. 12 (1945): 134–139.
Excerpt: “The following notes are reproduced from an interleaved copy of the first (quarto) edition of N.W. Senior’s Outline of the Science of Political Economy.”

Individualism: True and False

Individualism: True and False. (The Twelfth Finlay Lecture, delivered at University College, Dublin, on December 17, 1945.) Dublin: Hodges, Figgis & Co. Ltd. 1946; and Oxford: B. H. Blackwell Ltd. 1946, 38 pp.
Excerpt: “To advocate any clear-cut principles of social order today is an almost certain way to incur the stigma of being an unpractical doctrinaire. It has come to be regarded as… More

Fuld Beskaeftigelse

– “Fuld Beskaeftigelse.” Nationalökonomisk Tidsskrift 84 (1946): 1–31.

The London School of Economics 1895–1945

– “The London School of Economics 1895–1945.” Economica N.S. 13 (February 1946): 1–31.
Excerpt: “In October, 1945, the London School of Economics and Political Science completed its 50th year. It had been hoped that this event would be marked by the publication of a… More

Full Employment

– “Le plein emploi.” Economie Appliquée 1, no. 2–3, (Paris, 1948): 197–210.

Man in the Planned Economy

– “Der Mensch in der Planwirtschaft.” In Simon Moser (ed.) Weltbild und Menschenbild. Innsbruck and Vienna: 1948.

The Intellectuals and Socialism

– “The Intellectuals and Socialism.” The University of Chicago Law Review 16, no. 3 (Spring 1949): 417–433.
Excerpt: “In all democratic countries, in the United States even more than elsewhere, a strong belief prevails that the influence of the intellectuals on politics is negligible. This… More


– “Economics.” Chambers’ Encyclopaedia 4 (Oxford 1950).

Ricardo, David

– “Ricardo, David.” Chambers’ Encyclopaedia 11 (Oxford 1950).

Full Employment, Planning and Inflation

– “Full Employment, Planning and Inflation.” Institute of Public Affairs Review 4 (6) (Melbourne, Australia 1950).
Excerpt: “In the five years that have elapsed since the war, central planning, “full employment,” and inflationary pressure  have been the three features which have dominated… More

Comte and Hegel

– “Comte and Hegel.” Measure 2 (Chicago, July 1951).
Excerpt: “The discussions of every age are filled with the issues on which its leading schools of thought differ. But the general intellectual atmosphere of the time is always… More

The Ideals of Economic Freedom: A Liberal Inheritance

– “The Ideals of Economic Freedom: A Liberal Inheritance,” in The Owl (London 1951), pp. 7–12.
Excerpt: “At the end of the First World War the spiritual tradition of liberalism was all but dead. True, it was still uppermost in the thoughts of many a leading figure of public and… More

Equality and Justice

– “Gleichheit und Gerechtigkeit.” Jahresbericht der Züricher Volkswirt-schaftlichen Gesellschaft (1951).

Friedrich Freiherr von Wieser

– “Friedrich Freiherr von Wieser” The Development of Economic Thought: Great Economists in Perspective. Edited by Henry William Spiegel. New York & London: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1952, 1961, pp. 554–567.]
Commemorative article on the occasion of the death of Hayek’s Austrian School of economics mentor, von Wieser (1851–1926).

Leftist Foreign Correspondent

– “Leftist Foreign Correspondent.” The Freeman 3 (January 12, 1953): 275.
Excerpt: “The editorial comments of The Freeman on the apparent professional bias of foreign correspondents tempt me to set down on paper some observations which have long puzzled me.… More

The Actonian Revival

– “The Actonian Revival.” Review of Lord Acton by Gertrude Himmelfarb and Acton's Political Philosophy by G. E. Fasnacht. The Freeman3 (March 23, 1953): 461–462.

Decline of the Rule of Law. Part I

– “Decline of the Rule of Law. Part I.” The Freeman 3 (April 20, 1953): 518–520; Part II The Freeman 3 (May 4, 1953): 561–563.

Substitute for Foreign Aid

– “Substitute for Foreign Aid.” The Freeman 3 (April 6, 1953): 482–484.
Excerpt: “For the time being financing for rearmament has in a large measure taken the place of other forms of capital movements to Europe. But this provides only a partial and… More

Capitalism and the Historians

Capitalism and the Historians. Edited and introduced by F. A. Hayek. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, and Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1954.
Excerpt: “The influence which the writers of history thus exercise on public opinion is probably more immediate and extensive than that of the political theorists who launch new… More

Degrees of Explanation

– “Degrees of Explanation.” The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 6, no. 23 (1955): 209–225.
Excerpt: “The discussion of scientific method has been guided almost entirely by the example of classical physics. The reason for this is mainly that certain features of the… More


– “Comments.” In: Congress for Cultural Freedom (ed.) Science and Freedom. London: (Proceedings of the Hamburg Conference of the Congress for Cultural Freedom) 1955.

Progressive Taxation Reconsidered

– “Progressive Taxation Reconsidered.” In: Mary Sennholz (ed.) On Freedom and Free Enterprise: Essays in Honor of Ludwig von Mises. Princeton: D. von Nostrand Co., 1956
Excerpt: “Among the measures of economic policy which are gradually transforming our society and producing far-reaching results which few people yet clearly grasp, few are as firmly… More

The Dilemma of Specialization

– “The Dilemma of Specialization.” In Leonard D. White (ed.) The State of the Social Sciences. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1956.
Excerpt: “We have been commemorating the foundation of a research centre within our University, and our thoughts have inevitably often touched upon the problem of the relation between… More

Review of Mill and His Early Critics

– Review of Mill and His Early Critics by J.C. Rees. Leicester: University College of Leicester, 1956. In Journal of Modern History (June 1957): 54.

Inflation Resulting from the Downward Inflexibility of Wages

– “Inflation Resulting from the Downward Inflexibility of Wages.” In: Committee for Economic Development (ed.) Problems of United States Economic Development, New York: 1958, Vol. I, pp. 147–152.
Excerpt: “Contrary to what is widely believed, the crucial results of the “Keynesian revolution” is the general acceptance of a factual assumption and, what is more, of an… More

The Creative Powers of a Free Civilization

– “The Creative Powers of a Free Civilization.” In: Felix Morley (ed.) Essays in Individuality. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1958.
Excerpt: “The socratic maxim that the recognition of our ignorance is the beginning of wisdom has a profound application to social life. If we are to comprehend how society works we… More

Freedom, Reason, and Tradition

– “Freedom, Reason, and Tradition.” Ethics 68 (1958).
Excerpt: “Though freedom is not a state of nature but an artifact of civilization, it did not arise as a result of design. The institutions of freedom, like all that freedom has… More

The Reality of a Teaching

– “Attualitá di un insegnamento,” In: Angelo Dalle Molle, ed. Il Maestro dell’ Economia di Domani (Festschrift for Luigi Einaudi on his 85th Birthday). Verona, 1958, pp. 20–24.


– “Liberalismus (1) Politischer Liberalismus.” Handwörterbuch der Sozialwissenschaften 6 (Stuttgart-Tübingen-Göttingen, 1959).
Excerpt: The term is now used with a variety of meanings which have little in common beyond describing an openness to new ideas, including some which are directly opposed to those which are… More

Unions, Inflation and Profits

– “Unions, Inflation and Profits.” In: Philip D. Bradley (ed.) The Public Stake in Union Power. Charlottesville, University of Virginia Press: 1959.
Excerpt: “Tendencies are observable in the field of labor economics which most seriously threaten our future prosperity. The developments which are bringing this about are not of… More

Responsibility and Freedom

– “Verantwortlichkeit und Freiheit.” In: Albert Hunold (ed.) Erziehung zur Freiheit. Erlenbach-Zürich: E. Rentsch, 1959: 147–170.

On Röpke

– “An Röpke.” In Wilhelm Röpke, Gegen die Brandung. Zürich: E. Rentsch, 1959.

The Economics of Abundance

– “The Economics of Abundance,” in Henry Hazlitt, ed. The Critics of Keynesian Economics. Princeton and London: Van Nostrand Co., 1960, pp. 126–130.
Excerpt: “Now in such a situation, in which abundant unused reserves of all kinds of resources, including all intermediate products, exist, may occasionally prevail in the depths of… More

The Social Environment

– “The Social Environment.” In B. H. Bagdikian (ed.) Man's Contracting World in an Expanding Universe Providence, R.I.: 1960.

Freedom, Reason and Tradition

– “Freedom, Reason and Tradition.” Proceedings of the 16th Annual Meeting: The Western Conference of Prepaid Medical Service Plans, (Winnipeg 1960).

The Corporation in a Democratic Society: In Whose Interest Ought It and Will It Be Run?

– “The Corporation in a Democratic Society: In Whose Interest Ought It and Will It Be Run?” In: M. Anshen and G. L. Bach (eds.)Management and Corporations 1985. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1960.
Excerpt: “My thesis will be that if we want effectively to limit the powers of corporations to where they are beneficial, we shall have to confine them much more than we have yet done… More

Why I Am Not a Conservative

– In The Constitution of Liberty (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1960)
Excerpt: At a time when most movements that are thought to be progressive advocate further encroachments on individual liberty, those who cherish freedom are likely to expend their… More

The Case for Freedom

– "The Case for Freedom." The Freeman (October 1960). Reprinted from The Constitution of Liberty (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1960).
Excerpt: “What is the problem we wish to solve when we try to construct a rational economic order? On certain familiar assumptions the answer is simple enough. If we possess all the… More

What is ‘Social’—What Does It Mean?

– “What is ‘Social’—What Does It Mean?” Translated in an unauthorized English translation in Freedom and Serfdom (ed. A. Hunold), Dordrecht, 1961.
Excerpt: “Except in the fields of philology and logic, there are probably few cases in which one would be justified in devoting a whole article to the meaning of a single word.… More

The ‘Non Sequitur’ of the ‘Dependence Effect’

– “The ‘Non Sequitur’ of the ‘Dependence Effect’.” The Southern Economic Journal 27 (April 1961).
Excerpt: “For well over a hundred years the critics of the free enterprise system have resorted to the argument that if production were only organized rationally, there would be no… More

The Moral Element in Free Enterprise

– “The Moral Element in Free Enterprise.” In: National Association of Manufacturers (eds.) The Spiritual and Moral Significance of Free Enterprise. New York: 1962.
Excerpt: “Economic activity provides the material means for all our ends. At the same time, most of our individual efforts are directed to providing means for the ends of others in… More

The Vienna School

– “Wiener Schule.” Handwörterbuch der Sozialwissenschaften 12 (Stuttgart-Tübingen-Göttingen, 1962).

Rules, Perception and Intelligibility

– “Rules, Perception and Intelligibility.” Proceedings of the British Academy 48 (1962), London, 1963, pp. 321–344.
Excerpt: “The most striking instance of the phenomenon from which we shall start is the ability of small children to use language in accordance with the rules of grammar and idiom of… More

Old Truths and New Errors

– “Alte Wahrheiten und neue Irrtümer.” In: Internationales Institut der Sparkassen, ed. Das Sparwesen der Welt, Proceedings of the 7th International Conference of Savings Banks. Amsterdam: 1963.

Kinds of Order in Society

– “Arten der Ordnung.” Ordo 14 (1963).
Excerpt: “We call a multitude of men a society when their activities are mutually adjusted to one another. Men in society can successfully pursue their ends because they know what to… More

Right, Law, and Economic Freedom

– “Recht, Gesetz und Wirtschaftsfreiheit.” In: Hundert Jahre Industrie und Handelskammer zu Dortmund 1863–1963. Dortmund, 1963.

Introduction to “The Earlier Letters of John Stuart Mill.”

– Introduction to “The Earlier Letters of John Stuart Mill.” In F.E. Mineka, ed. John Stuart Mill, Vol. XII. Toronto: Toronto University Press and London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1963.
Excerpt: “John Stuart Mill has not been altogether fortunate in the manner in which his memory was served by those most concerned and best authorized to honour it. It is true that… More

The Legal and Political Philosophy of David Hume

– “The Legal and Political Philosophy of David Hume.” Il Politico 28, no. 4 (December 1963): 691–704.
Excerpt: “It is always misleading to label an age by a name which suggests that it was ruled by a common set of ideas. It particularly falsifies the picture if we do this for a period… More

The Theory of Complex Phenomena

– “The Theory of Complex Phenomena.” In Mario A. Bunge (ed.) The Critical Approach to Science and Philosophy: Essays in Honor of Karl R. Popper. New York: The Free Press of Glencoe, Inc., 1964.
Excerpt: “Man has been impelled to scientific inquiry by wonder and by need. Of these wonder has been in comparably more fertile. There are good reasons for this. Where we wonder we… More

Commerce, History of

– Parts of “Commerce, History of.” Encyclopaedia Britannica, vol. VI. Chicago: 1964.

Kinds of Rationalism

– “Kinds of Rationalism.” The Economic Studies Quarterly 15, no. 3 (Tokyo, 1965).
Excerpt: “In the course of my critical examination of certain dominance beliefs of our time I have sometimes had to make a difficult choice. It often happens that quite specific… More

Personal Recollections of Keynes and the ‘Keynesian Revolution’

– “Personal Recollections of Keynes and the ‘Keynesian Revolution’.” The Oriental Economist 34 (Tokyo, January 1966).
Excerpt: “Even to those who knew Keynes but could never bring themselves to accept his monetary theories, and at times thought his pronouncements somewhat irresponsible, the personal… More

The Principles of a Liberal Social Order

– “The Principles of a Liberal Social Order.” Il Politico 31, no. 4 (December 1966): 601–618.
Excerpt: “It should be specially emphasized that the two political philosophies which both describe themselves as “liberalism” and lead in a few respects to similar conclusions,… More

The Economy, Science and Politics

– "The Economy, Science and Politics,” Studies in Philosophy, Politics and Economics. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1967/1969,  pp.251-269.
Excerpt: “In spite of the fact that at least the first half of my career as an economist has been fully devoted to pure theory, and because I have since devoted much time to subjects… More

Dr. Bernard Mandeville

– “Dr. Bernard Mandeville.” Proceedings of the British Academy 52 (1966), London 1967.
Excerpt: “It is to be feared that not only would most of Bernard Mandeville’s contemporaries turn in their graves if they could know that he is today presented as a mastermind… More

The Results of Human Action but not of Human Design

– Résultats de l'action des hommes mais non de leurs desseins.” In: Les Fondements Philosophiques des Systèmes Economiques. Textes de Jacques Rueff et essais rédiges en son honneur. (Paris 1967).
Excerpt: “The belief in the superiority of deliberate design and planning over the spontaneous forces of society enters European thought explicitly only through the rationalist… More

Legal Order and Commercial Order

– “Rechtsordnung und Handelnsordnung.” In Eric Streissler (ed.), Zur Einheit der Rechts-und Staatswissenschaften, Vol. 27. Karlsruhe, 1967.

The Confusion of Language in Political Thought, With Some Suggestions for Remedying It

The Confusion of Language in Political Thought, With Some Suggestions for Remedying It. London: Institute of Economic Affairs (Occasional Paper 20), 1968/1976, 36 pp.
Excerpt: “Modern civilization has given man undreamt powers largely because, without understanding it, he has developed methods of utilizing more knowledge and resources than any one… More

A Self-Generating Order for Society

– “A Self-Generating Order for Society.” In John Nef (ed.), Towards World Community. The Hague, 1968.
Excerpt: “It is very difficult to know where to begin when one would wish to comment on almost every preceding speaker. I am particularly tempted to make some remarks on the problem… More

Wieser, Friedrich von

– “Wieser, Friedrich von.” In International Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences. Edited by David L. Sills. New York: The Macmillan Co. & The Free Press, 1968, 1972; Volumes 15, 16, 17, pp. 549–550.

The Trend of Economic Thinking

– “The Trend of Economic Thinking,” Studies in Philosophy, Politics and Economics. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1967/1969;  
Excerpt: “The position of the economists in the intellectual life of our time is unlike that of practitioners of any other branch of knowledge. Questions for whose solution his… More


– “Szientismus.” In W. Bernsdorf (ed.), Wörterbuch der Soziologie, Edited by W. Bernsdorf. 2nd ed. (Stuttgart, 1969).

Three Elucidations of the ‘Ricardo Effect’

– “Three Elucidations of the ‘Ricardo Effect’.” Journal of Political Economy 77 (March-April 1969): 274–285.
Excerpt: “The immediate aim of this paper is to clear up a point on which Sir John Hicks in his recent review of my earlier discussions of the relation between the demand for consumer… More

The Primacy of the Abstract

– “The Primacy of the Abstract.” In Arthur Koestler and J. R. Smythies (eds.), Beyond Reductionism—The Alpbach Symposium. London, 1969.
Excerpt: “What I shall try to explain under this paradoxical heading seems to me in some ways merely a final step in a long development, which would probably have been explicitly… More

Principles or Expediency?

– “Principles or Expediency?” In Toward Liberty: Essays in Honor of Ludwig von Mises on the Occasion of his 90th Birthday, September 29, 1971. Sponsoring Committee F. A. von Hayek; F. A. Harper, Secretary. Menlo Park, California: Institute for Humane Studies, 1971, vol I, pp. 29–45.
Excerpt: “A condition of liberty in which all are allowed to use their own knowledge for their own purposes, restrained only by rules of just conduct of universal application, is… More

Nature vs. Nurture Once Again

– “Nature vs. Nurture Once Again.” A comment on C. D. Darlington, The Evolution of Man and Society, London, 1962 in Encounter (February 1971).
Excerpt: “After his authoritative Genetics and Man, Dr. C.D. Darlington has now given us a magnificent account of The Evolution of Man and Society. This monumental work is bound to… More

The Genius Of the West

– Louis Rougier. The Genius of the West. Introduction by F.A. v. Hayek. Los Angeles: Nash Publishing (published for the Principles of Freedom Committee), 1971.
To quote the book jacket: “Western Civilization is the result of a mentality which responds to the challenge of existence with intellectual force & courage. This mentality… More

A Tiger by the Tail: The Keynesian Legacy of Inflation

A Tiger by the Tail: The Keynesian Legacy of Inflation. A 40 Years’ Running Commentary on Keynesianism by F. A. Hayek. Compiled and introduced by Sudha R. Shenoy. London: Institute of Economic Affairs (Hobart Paperback #4), 1972
Excerpt from Introduction: “The small book you are holding in your hands is unique. It is perhaps the finest introduction to the thought of a major thinker ever published in the… More

Economic Thought VI: The Austrian School

– “Economic Thought VI: The Austrian School.” In International Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences. Edited by David L. Sills. New York: The Macmillan Co. & Free Press, 1968, 1972; Volume 4, pp. 458–462.

The Outlook for the 1970’s: Open or Repressed Inflation

– “The Outlook for the 1970's: Open or Repressed Inflation.” In Sudha R. Shenoy (ed.) A Tiger by the Tail: The Keynesian Legacy of Inflation. A 40-Years’ Running Commentary on Keynesianism. London: Institute of Economic Affairs (Hobart Paperback 4), 1972.
Excerpt: “In the last 40 years monetary policy has increasingly committed us to a development which has recurrently made necessary further measures that weakened the functioning of… More

The Place of Menger’s Grundsätze in the History of Economic Thought

– “The Place of Menger's Grundsätze in the History of Economic Thought.” In J. R. Hicks and W. Weber (eds.), Carl Menger and the Austrian School of Economics. Oxford, 1973, pp. 1–14
Excerpt: “When the Grundsatze  appeared in 1871, it was only 95 years since the Wealth of Nations, only 54 since Ricardo’s Principles, and a mere 23 it since the great… More

Talk at the Mont Pélèrin

– “Talk at the Mont Pélèrin.” Newsletter of the Mont Pélèrin Society 3 (Luxembourg 1973).

Inflation: The Path to Unemployment

– “Inflation: The Path to Unemployment.” Addendum 2 to Lord Robbins et. al. Inflation: Causes, Consequences, Cures: Discourses on the Debate between the Monetary and the Trade Union Interpretations. London: The Institute for Economic Affairs (IEA Readings, No. 14), 1974, pp. 115–120.

Banquet Speech

– Speech at the Nobel Banquet, December 10, 1974.
Excerpt: Now that the Nobel Memorial Prize for economic science has been created, one can only be profoundly grateful for having been selected as one of its joint recipients, and the… More

The Repercussions of Rent Restrictions

– "The Repercussions of Rent Restrictions,” in F. A. Hayek, Milton Friedman, et al. Rent Control: A Popular Paradox. Evidence on The Effects of Rent Control. Vancouver: The Fraser Institute, 1975, pp. 67–83.
Excerpt: “A unique feature of price control in housing compared with that in other goods and services is that wartime housing regulations have been retained and enforced ever since.… More

Full Employment at Any Price?

Full Employment at Any Price? London: Institute of Economic Affairs (Occasional Paper 45), 1975/1978, (Italy 1975), 52 pp.

The Pretense of Knowledge

– “The Pretence of Knowledge.” An Alfred Nobel Memorial Lecture, delivered December 11, 1974 at the Stockholm School of Economics. In Les Prix Nobel en 1974. Stockholm: Nobel Foundation, 1975.
Excerpt: “The particular occasion of this lecture, combined with the chief practical problem which economists have to face today, have made the choice of its topic almost inevitable.… More

Economics, Politics and Freedom: An Interview with F. A. Hayek

– “Economics, Politics & Freedom: An Interview with F. A. Hayek.” Interview conducted by Tibor Machan in Salzburg, Austria. Reason 6 (February 1975): 4–12.
Excerpt: “REASON is proud to present the highlights of this conversation, to give our readers a better appreciation of one of the intellectual giants of our time. REASON: Dr. Hayek,… More

The Courage of His Convictions

– "The Courage of His Convictions.” In Tribute to Mises 1881–1973. The Session of the Mont Pélèrin Society at Brussels 1974 devoted to the Memory of Ludwig von Mises. Chislehurst, 1975.

The Formation of the Open Society

– “The Formation of the Open Society.” Address given by Professor Friedrich A. von Hayek at the University of Dallas Commencement Exercises, May 18, 1975. [Unpublished typescript, available at the Institute for Humane Studies.]

Two Types of Mind

– “Types of Mind.” Encounter 45 (September 1975).
Excerpt: “Accident has drawn my attention to the contrast between two types of scientific thinking which I have since again and again been watching with growing fascination. I have… More

Politicians Can’t Be Trusted with Money

“Politicians Can't Be Trusted with Money.” [(Newspaper editor's title. Paper delivered in September at the Gold and Monetary Conference in Lausanne, Switzerland.) The Daily Telegraph of London, Part I (September 30, 1975).

World Inflationary Recession

– “World Inflationary Recession.” Paper presented to the International Conference on World Economic Stabilization, April 17–18, 1975, co-sponsored by the First National Bank of Chicago and the University of Chicago. First Chicago Report 5/1975.

Choice in Currency: A Way to Stop Inflation

Choice in Currency. A Way to Stop Inflation. London: Institute of Economic Affairs (Occasional Paper 48), February 1976/1977, 46 pp.
Excerpt: The chief root of our present monetary troubles is, of course, the sanction of scientific authority which Lord Keynes and his disciples have given to the age-old superstition that… More

Socialism and Science

– "Socialism and Science," A Lecture delivered to The Economic Society of Australia and New Zealand on October 19, 1976.
Excerpt: “Socialism is related to Science in various ways. Probably the least interesting relation today is that from which Marxism  lays claim to the name of “scientific… More

Adam Smith’s Message in Today’s Language

– “Adam Smith's Message in Today's Language.” Daily Telegraph, London (March 9, 1976.)
Excerpt: “During the 40-odd years over which I have been lecturing on the history of economics, I have always found the lectures on Adam Smith particularly difficult to give. By the… More

The Problem of Money Today

– “Il Problema della Moneta Oggi.” Academia Nationale dei Lincei. Atti de Convegni Rome (1976).

Remembering My Cousin Ludwig Wittgenstein

– “Remembering My Cousin Ludwig Wittgenstein.” Encounter (August 1977).
Excerpt: “Between the rails and the building of the railway station of Bad Ischl there used to be ample space where, sixty years ago, in the season, a regular promenade used to… More

Economics as a Coordination Problem

– Foreword by F. A. Hayek. In Economics as a Coordination Problem: The Contributions of Friedrich A. Hayek, ed. by Gerald P. O'Driscoll, Jr. Kansas City: Sheed Andrews and McMeel, Inc., 1977.
Foreword by Hayek: “To give a coherent account of the whole of the theoretical work of an economist who has not attempted to do so himself is sometimes a useful task. But the proof of… More

Competition as a Discovery Procedure

– “Competition as a Discovery Procedure.” New Studies in Philosophy, Politics, Economics and the History of Ideas. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1978.
Excerpt: “It is difficult to defend economists against the charge that for some 40 to 50 years they have been discussing competition on assumptions that, if they were true in the real… More

The Errors of Constructivism

– "The Errors of Constructivism," New Studies in Philosophy, Politics, Economics and the History of Ideas. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1978.
Excerpt: “It seemed to me necessary to introduce the term ‘constructivism’ as a specific name for a manner of thinking that in the past has often, but misleadingly, been… More

Economic Freedom and Representative Government

– "Economic Freedom and Representative Government," New Studies in Philosophy, Politics, Economics and the History of Ideas. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1978.
Excerpt: “Thirty years ago I wrote a book which, in a manner which many regarded as unduly alarmist, described the danger that the then visible collectivist tendencies created for… More


– "Liberalism," New Studies in Philosophy, Politics,  Economics and the History of Ideas, Routledge & Keagan Paul, London and Henley, 1982 [1978], pp. 119-151.
Excerpt: “The term is now used with a variety of meanings which have little in common beyond describing an openness to new ideas, including some which are directly opposed to those… More

Coping with Ignorance

– “Coping with Ignorance.” Ludwig von Mises Memorial Lecture. Imprimis (Hillsdale College) 7 (July 1978) 6 pp.
Excerpt: “It is to me not only a great honor but also the discharge of an intellectual duty and a real pleasure to be allowed to deliver a Ludwig von Mises memorial lecture. There is… More

The Miscarriage of the Democratic Ideal

– “The Miscarriage of the Democratic Ideal.” Encounter (March 1978).
Excerpt: “It is no longer possible to ignore that more and more thoughtful and well-meaning people are slowly losing their faith in what was to them once the inspiring ideal of… More

Will the Democratic Ideal Prevail

– “Will the Democratic Ideal Prevail?” In Arthur Seldon, ed. The Coming Confrontation: Will the Open Society Survive to 1989? London: The Institute for Economic Affairs (Hobart Paperback No. 12), 1978, pp. 61–73.

The Dethronement of Politics

– “Die Entthronung der Politik.” In Uberforderte Demokratie? hrsg. von D. Frei, Sozialwissenschaftliche Studien de schweizerischen Instituts für Auslandsforschung, N.F. 7, Zurich 1978.

Can we still avoid inflation?

– “Can we still avoid inflation?” In Richard M. Ebeling (ed.) The Austrian Theory of the Trade Cycle and Other Essays. New York: Center for Libertarian Studies (Occasional Paper Series 8) 1978.
Excerpt: “In one sense the question asked in the title of this lecture is purely rhetorical. I hope none of you has suspected me of doubting even for a moment that technically there… More

Exploitation of Workers by Workers

– “Exploitation of Workers by Workers.” The last of three talks given by Professor F. A. Hayek under the title, “The Market Economy” (Radio 3, BBC). The Listener (August 17, 1978): 202–203.

The Three Sources of Human Values

– “The Three Sources of Human Values.” The Hobhouse Lecture given at the London School of Economics, May 17, 1978. Published in the Epilogue to Law, Legislation and Liberty, Vol. III. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1979

Towards a Free Market Monetary System

– “Towards a Free Market Monetary System.” The Journal of Libertarian Studies 3, no. 1 (1979): 1–8.
When a little over two years ago, at the second Lausanne Conference  of this group, I threw out, almost as a sort of bitter joke, that there was no hope of ever again having decent money,… More

Free Choice of Currency Standards

– “Freie Wahl de Währungen.” In Geldpolitik, ed. by J. Badura and O. Issing. Stuttgart and New York, 1980, pp. 136–146.

An Interview with F. A. Hayek

– “An Interview with F. A. Hayek.” Conducted by Richard E. Johns. The American Economic Council Report (May 1980.)

The Muddle of the Middle

– “Midju—Modid.” Frelsid (Journal of the Freedom Association of Iceland) 1 (1980): 6–15.


– “Dankadresse.” In Erich Hoppmann, ed. Friedrich A. von Hayek. Baden—Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 1980. pp. 37–42.

Socialism: An Economic and Sociological Analysis

– Ludwig von Mises. Socialism: An Economic and Sociological Analysis. Translated by Jacques Kahane. 1981 Introduction by F.A. Hayek. Indianapolis: LibertyClassics, 1981
Hayek’s Foreward pays tribute to Mises for the anti-socialist impact that Mises’ Die Gemeinwirtschaft: Untersuchungen über den Sozialismus (Jena: Gustav Fischer, 1922) created on… More

Gesammelte Aufsätze

– Ewald Schams. Gesammelte Aufsätze. Prefaced by F.A. Hayek. Ready in Spring 1983. Munich: Philosophia Verlag.

Richard Cantillon

– "Richard Cantillon." Journal of Libertarian Studies, VII, no. 2 (Fall 1985), 217247.
Excerpt: In economics, just as in other sciences, it is by no means an exceptional occurrence to find that, no sooner has a “new” doctrine made its mark, than earlier,… More

Introduction: Selected Essays on Political Economy

– Introduction by F. A. Hayek. In Selected Essays on Political Economy, trans. by Seymour Caln. Irvington-on-Hudson, NY: The Foundation for Economic Education, Inc., 1995.
Excerpt: Even those who may question the eminence of Frédéric Bastiat as an economic theorist will grant that he was a publicist of genius. Joseph Schumpeter calls him “the most… More

The Defense of Our Civilization Against Intellectual Error

– "The Defense of Our Civilization Against Intellectual Error." The Freeman (March 2004). Reprinted from What’s Past Is Prologue, a collection of tributes published in honor of FEE founder Leonard E. Read’s 70th birthday, September 26, 1968.
Excerpt: I believe that what the Foundation for Economic Education, with Leonard Read at its head, and all his co-fighters and friends are committed to is nothing more nor less than the… More

The Common Sense of Progress

– "The Common Sense of Progress." The Freeman (November 1960). Reprinted from The Constitution of Liberty (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1960).
Excerpt: If today in the United States or western Europe the relatively poor can have a car or a refrigerator, an airplane trip or a radio, at the cost of a reasonable part of their income,… More


A Reply to Dr. Hayek

– Keynes, J.M. “A Reply to Dr. Hayek.” Economica 12 (November 1931): 387–397.
Excerpt: “In an article recently published, Dr. Hayek has invited me to clear up some ambiguities of terminology which he finds in my Treatise of Money, and also other matters. As he… More

Dr. Hayek on Money and Capital

– Sraffa, Piero. “Dr. Hayek on Money and Capital [on F.A. von Hayek's Prices and Production] London 1931.” The Economic Journal 42 (1932): 42–53, 249–251.
Excerpt: “To deal with the theory of money, from its doctrinal history down to the inevitable practical proposals, touching upon some of the most perplexing parts of the subject, and… More

Professor Hayek and the Theory of Investment

– Knight, F.H. “Professor Hayek and the Theory of Investment.” The Economic Journal 45 (1935): 77–94.
Excerpt: “In the remarks which follow, I am not concerned with the technical problems of the ‘structure of investment’ actually discussed in Prof. Hayek’s recent… More

Hayek och ‘Ricardo-effekten’

– Welinder, C. “Hayek och ‘Ricardo-effekten’” In Ekonomisk Tidsskrift (Uppsala och Stockholm) 42 (1940): 33–39.

Professor Hayek’s Theory of Interest

– Lutz, Friedrich A. “Professor Hayek's Theory of Interest.” Economica 10 (1943): 302–310
Excerpt: “In the following discussion attention will be concentrated on that parts of Prof. Hayek’s Pure Theory of Capital which contains his theory of interest in “real”… More

Keynes vs. Hayek on a Commodity Reserve Currency

– Graham, F.D. “Keynes vs. Hayek on a Commodity Reserve Currency.” The Economic Journal 54 (1944): 422–429.
Excerpt: “The issues raised in Lord Keynes’ reply to Prof. Hayek’s article on a commodity reserve currency, in a recent issue of this journal, seem worthy of more extended… More

Professor Hayek on German Socialism

– Heimann, E. “Professor Hayek on German Socialism.” The American Economic Review. 35 (1945): 935–937.
Excerpt: Mr. Hoselitz’s criticism of  Hayek’s chapter XII—or rather of his pages 168 and 169—is right as far as it goes. Bebel’s utterance was ironical; why else… More

Professor Hayek on German Socialism

– Hoselitz, B.F. “Professor Hayek on German Socialism.” The American Economic Review 35 (1945): 926–934.
Excerpt: “In chapter XI of his recent book, the Road to Serfdom, Prof. Hayek undertakes to show that the philosophy of German national socialism as it has its roots in the teachings… More

Professor Hayek’s Philosophy

– Murray, A.H. “Professor Hayek's Philosophy.” Economica 12 (August 1945): 149–162.
Excerpt: “In a series of articles the importance of which cannot be overestimated for the theory of method of economics, entitled Scientism and the Study of Society, Prof. Hayek… More

The Rate of Interest in the Trade Cycle Theories of Prof. Hayek

– Palmer, G.G.D. “The Rate of Interest in the Trade Cycle Theories of Prof. Hayek.” The South African Journal of Economics 23 (1955): 1–18.
Excerpt: “For many years the trade cycle theories of Prof. Hayek have been the centre of interest and controversy. His approach stands in contrast on the one hand to that of the… More

An Unrepentant Old Whig

– Davenport, John. “An Unrepentant Old Whig.” Fortune (March 1960): 134–135, 192, 194, 197–198

Prof. Hayek and the Concertina Effect

– Kaldor, N. “Prof. Hayek and the Concertina Effect.” In Economica N.S. 9 (1942): 148–176; reprinted in: Kaldor, Essays on Economic Stability and Growth. London: Duckworth, 1960
Excerpt: “It was more than ten years ago that Prof. Hayek first fascinated the academic world of economists by a new theory of industrial fluctuations which in theoretical conception,… More

Hayek’s Conception of Freedom: A Critique

– Hamowy, Ronald. “Hayek's Conception of Freedom: A Critique.” New Individualist Review 1, no. 1 (April 1961): 28–31.
Excerpt: F. A. HAYEK, in his latest book, The Constitution of Liberty (University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1960), attempts a thorough exposition of the theoretical and historical… More

Hayek on Liberty

– Rees, J.C. “Hayek on Liberty.” Philosophy (1961).
Professor Hayek’s book is a massive contribution to the persistent question of the limits of state action. It runs counter to prevailing notions about the role of government in… More

Hayek on Liberty

– Robbins, Lionel. “Hayek on Liberty.” Economica (February 1961): 66–81.
Excerpt: “This is a very ambitious book. “It has been a long time,” says the author, “since that ideal of freedom which inspired modern Western civilization and whose partial… More


– Seldon, Arthur, ed. “Philosophy” Agenda for a Free Society: Essays on Hayek's The Constitution of Liberty. London: Published for the Institute of Economic Affairs by Hutchinson, 1961.

Hayek on Freedom and Coercion

– Viner, Jacob. “Hayek on Freedom and Coercion.” Southern Economic Journal 27 (January 1961): 230–236.
Excerpt: “This important and challenging book presents a learned and powerfully argued brief on behalf of the propositions, that, in general, maximum possible amounts of “liberty”… More

The Hayek Story

– Heimann, E. “The Hayek Story.” In Critical Essays in Monetary Theory. Oxford University Press: 1967.

The Determinants of Social Action

– Polanyi, Michael. “The Determinants of Social Action.” In Roads to Freedom: Essays in Honour of Friedrich A. von Hayek. Edited by Erich London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1969, pp. 145–179.

Laudatio: Un Message pour le siècle

– Rueff, Jacques. “Laudatio: Un Message pour le siècle.” In Erich Streissler et al., eds. Roads to Freedom: Essays in Honour of Friedrich A. von Hayek. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1969, pp. 1–3.

Roads to Freedom: Essays in Honour of Friedrich A. von Hayek.

– Streissler, Erich et al. eds. Roads to Freedom: Essays in Honour of Friedrich A. von Hayek. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1969.
The articles in this volume were written in honour of F. A. Hayek and cover the whole scope of his thought. Many of the essays take as a starting point Hayek’s own writings. The list… More

On Hayek

– Harris, R. “On Hayek.” Swinton Journal (1970)

Note on Professor Hayek’s ‘True Theory of Unemployment’

– Johr, W.A. “Note on Professor Hayek's ‘True Theory of Unemployment.’” Kyklos 30, no. 4 (1970): 713–723
Excerpt: “Prof. Hayek is an economist whose prestige, acquired by his writings on problems of economics and social philosophy, stands high. Consequently, every work he publishes… More

Hayek’s Liberalism: The Constitution of Perpetual Privilege

– Bay, Christian. “Hayek's Liberalism: The Constitution of Perpetual Privilege.” Political Science Review 1 (Fall 1971): 93–124
Excerpt: “Already the heading may strike admirers of this work as slanted and unfair, demonstrating this reviewer’s prejudice against Hayek’s Old Whig Liberalism. And I… More

Friedrich Hayek: An Appreciation

– Glasner, David. “Friedrich Hayek: An Appreciation.” Intercollegiate Review 7 (Summer 1971): 251–255.
Excerpt: “One of the most eminent scholars of our time, Prof. Hayek has collected in this volume a selection of the work which he has been engaged in during the years since 1944. As… More

Professor Hayek on Individualism

– Harris, R.  “Professor Hayek on Individualism.” In R. Harrod, ed. Economic Essays, 2nd edition. London and New York: 1972. pp. 293–301.

The Political Philosophy of Friedrich A. Hayek

– Wilhelm, Morris M. “The Political Philosophy of Friedrich A. Hayek.” Columbia University Ph.D. Dissertation in Political Science, New York, 1969. An article based on this, in condensed form, appears as “The Political Thought of Friedrich A. Hayek,” in Political Studies 20, no. 2 (June 1972): 169–184.

Friedrich von Hayek’s Contribution to Economics

– Machlup, Fritz. “Friedrich von Hayek's Contribution to Economics.” The Swedish Journal of Economics 76 (December 1974): 498–531.
Excerpt: “Some of Hayek’s 15 books appeared also in foreign translations. There are altogether 20 foreign language editions (in 11 different languages), so that the combined… More

Hayek Revisited: Mind as a Process of Classification

– Agonito, Rosemary. “Hayek Revisited: Mind as a Process of Classification.” In: Behaviorism: A Forum for Critical Discussions 3, no. 2 (Spring 1975): 162–171.
Excerpt: “During the fifties an extremely perceptive work in theoretical psychology appeared in  this country which provided an account of mind defined as the process of… More

Reflections on John Hick’s ‘The Hayek Story’

– Ebeling, Richard. “Reflections on John Hick's ‘The Hayek Story.’” Unpublished manuscript, no date; 23 pp.: Available from the Institute for Humane Studies, Menlo Park, California 94025.

Hayek: The Road to Stockholm

– “Hayek: The Road to Stockholm.” The Alternative: An American Spectator 8, no. 8 (May 1975): 10–12

The Facts of Hayek

– Johnson, Frank. “The Facts of Hayek.” Sunday Telegraph Magazine, September 261975, pp. 30–34.

Hayek and Keynes: A Retrospective Assessment

– O'Driscoll, Jr. Gerald P. “Hayek and Keynes: A Retrospective Assessment.” Iowa State University Department of Economics Staff Paper No. 20. Ames, Iowa: Xerox 1975. [Paper prepared for the Symposium on Austrian Economics, University of Hartford, June 22–28, 1975.]

Inflation, Unemployment and Hayek

– Spencer, Roger W. “Inflation, Unemployment and Hayek.” Review (Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.) 57 (1975): 6–10.
Excerpt: “In these times of high unemployment and rising price levels, one looks to the leaders of the economics profession for analysis and solutions. One possible candidate, who has… More

F. A. Hayek: Next Construction for the Giant

– Worsthorne, Peregrine. “F. A. Hayek: Next Construction for the Giant.” In: Prophets of Freedom and Enterprise. Edited by Michael Ivens. London: Kogan Page, Ltd., for Aims of Industry, 1975. pp. 70–80.

F.A. Hayek, Freedom for Progress

– Crespigny, Anthony de. “F.A. Hayek, Freedom for Progress.” in Anthony de Crespigny and Kenneth Minogue (eds.) Contemporary Political Philosophers. New York: Dodd, Mead and Co., 1975; London: Methuen, 1976, pp. 49–66

Hayek on The Rule of Law

– Dietze, Gottfried. “Hayek on The Rule of Law.” In Fritz Machlup, ed. Essays on Hayek. New York: New York University Press, 1976, pp. 107–146

Capitalism and the Historians

– Hartwell, Ronald Max. “Capitalism and the Historians.” In Fritz Machlup, ed. Essays on Hayek. New York: New York University Press, 1976, pp. 73–94.

Rereading von Hayek

– Leduc, G. “En rélisant von Hayek.” Revue d'Economie Politique 86 (1976): 491–494.

The Achievements of Friedrich A. Hayek

– Letwin, Shirley Robin. “The Achievements of Friedrich A. Hayek.” In Fritz Machlup, ed. Essays on Hayek. New York: New York University Press, 1976, pp. 147–162.

Hayek’s Perception of the ‘Rule of Law’

– Leube, Kurt R. “Hayek's Perception of the ‘Rule of Law’.” The Intercollegiate Review (Winter 1976/1977).
Excerpt: “Of society’s many organizations, the biggest one called Government, has the double task of enforcing the general rules of society and providing those services to the… More

Hayek’s Critique of Reason

– Miller, Eugene F. “Hayek's Critique of Reason.” Modern Age 20, no. 4 (Fall 1976): 383–394.
Excerpt: “My essay will examine what I take to be the foundation of Hayek’s thoughts, namely, the accounts he gives of human knowledge. There is ample evidence that his work in… More

The Relevance of Friedrich A. Hayek

– Roche III, George C. “The Relevance of Friedrich A. Hayek.” In Fritz Machlup, ed., Essays on Hayek. New York: New York University Press, 1976, 1–12.

Friedrich A. Hayek: Nobel Prizewinner

– Shearmur, Jeremy.  “Friedrich A. Hayek: Nobel Prizewinner.” In Fritz Machlup, ed., Essays on Hayek. New York: New York University Press, 1976, pp. 171–176.

Hayek and Political Order: The Rule of Law

– Baumgarth, William P. “Hayek and Political Order: The Rule of Law.” The Journal of Libertarian Studies 2, no. 1 (Winter 1978): 11–28
Excerpt: “We might assume from the title of Hayek’s earliest comprehensive treatment of the subject that the “rule of law” would appear as the summation of his… More

Time in Economics vs. Economics in Time. The ‘Hayek Problem

– Boland, L.A. “Time in Economics vs. Economics in Time. The ‘Hayek Problem.’” In The Canadian Journal of Economics (Canadian Economic Association) Toronto, 2, no. 2 (1978): 240–262.
Excerpt: “Several notable writers have recently charged that neoclassical economics is ‘timeless.’ But strictly speaking neoclassical economics is not timeless. Indeed,… More

Law and the Liberal Society: F.A. Hayek’s Constitution of Liberty

– Hamowy, Ronald. “Law and the Liberal Society: F.A. Hayek's Constitution of Liberty.” Journal of Libertarian Studies 2, no. 4 (1978): 287–297.
Excerpt: “This paper will focus on the work of Hayek, the leading modern exponent of the liberal conception of freedom and the rule of law. I intended my analysis to lay bare the… More

Hayek, Smith (and Hume)

– Shearmur, Jeremy. “Hayek, Smith (and Hume).” Unpublished manuscript of paper presented at one-day Conference on Hayek at University College, London, October 28, 1978, and sponsored by The Carl Menger Society.

Hayek and Liberty

– Steiner, Hillel. “Hayek and Liberty.” Unpublished paper presented to The Carl Menger Society Conference on Hayek, Oct. 28, 1978.

Hayek’s Critique of Social Injustice

– Torrence, Thomas. “Hayek's Critique of Social Injustice.” Unpublished paper presented to The Carl Menger Society Conference on Hayek, October 28, 1978.

Liberty and the Rule of Law

– Cunningham, Robert L. (ed.) Liberty and the Rule of Law. College Station, Texas: Texas A & M University Press, 1979.
This collection of essays originated in a conference held in 1976 at the University of San Francisco to discuss Hayek’s defense of liberal constitutionalism and in particular his… More

American Conservatism and F.A. Hayek

– Dyer, P.W. and Hickman, R.H. “American Conservatism and F.A. Hayek.” Modern Age 23, no. 4 (Fall 1979).
Excerpt: “It has been asserted often that the political ideas of F.A. Hayek are consistent with those of American conservatism. This opinion has come from sources as diverse as the… More

The Cognitive Basis of Hayek’s Political Thought

– Miller, Eugene F. “The Cognitive Basis of Hayek's Political Thought.” In Robert L. Cunningham Liberty and the Rule of Law. College Station and London: Texas A & M University Press, 1979. pp. 242–267.

Introduction: The Debate, 1931–71

– Shenoy, Sudha R. “Introduction: The Debate, 1931–71.” in F.A. Hayek, A Tiger by the Tail: The Keynesian Legacy of Inflation, Cato 1979.
Excerpt: “The roots of current economic ideas and of those guiding the wages policy lie in the 1930s, in discussion inspired by the publication of the General Theory.  Though… More

Zu F.A. Hayeks verfassungsrechtlichen Ideen

– Simson, W. von “Zu F.A. Hayeks verfassungsrechtlichen Ideen.” Der Staat, Zeitschrift für Staatslehre, Offentliches Recht un Verfassungeschichte. Berlin 18, no. 3, (1979): 403–421.

Handeln in Ungewissheit. F.A. v. Hayek’s Grundlegung einer freiheitlichen Sozialphilosphie

– Zöller, Michael. “Handeln in Ungewissheit. F.A. v. Hayek's Grundlegung einer freiheitlichen Sozialphilosphie.” [“Acting under Uncertainty. F.A. von Hayek's Foundation of a Liberal Social Philosophy.”] In Zur Verfassung der Freiheit: Festgabe für Friedrich A. von Hayek zur Vollendung seines achtzigsten Lebensjahres. Stuttgart, New York: Gustav Fischer Verlag (Ordo 30), 1979, pp. 117–129

Hayek and Institutional Evolution

– Arnold, Roger A.  “Hayek and Institutional Evolution.” The Journal of Libertarian Studies 4, no. 4 (Fall 1980): 341–352.
Excerpt: “Casual observation of the last thirty years or so indicates that the role government plays in the lives of individuals has been increasing. Within the internal structure of… More

Hayek and the New Right

– Brittan, Samuel. “Hayek and the New Right.” Encounter 54 (January 1980): 30–46.
Excerpt: “Since the publication of his Road to Serfdom in 1944, Hayek has been cursed by sneerers, who dismiss everything he has to say without giving it a hearing, and even more by… More

F.A. Hayek on Constructivism and Ethics

– Diamond, Arthur M. “F.A. Hayek on Constructivism and Ethics.” The Journal of Libertarian Studies 4, no. 4 (Fall 1980): 353–366.
Excerpt: “Long before receiving his Nobel Prize, Hayek was well respected in the academic community. Keynes had glowing praise for Hayek’s The Road to Serfdom. Milton Friedman… More

Hayek on Inflation

– Ebeling, Richard. “Hayek on Inflation.” Unpublished Paper presented to The Carl Menger Society Conference entitled “Hayek—An Introductory Course,” London, Dec. 6, 1980

F.A. Hayek on Liberty and Tradition

– Gray, John N. “F.A. Hayek on Liberty and Tradition.” The Journal of Libertarian Studies 4 (Spring 1980): 119–137.
Excerpt: “One of the most salutary results of the recent revival of scholarly interest in the intellectual traditions of classical liberalism is that Hayek’s social and… More

Hayek or the Political Economy of Liberty

– Lepage, Henri. “Hayek ou l’économie politique de la liberté.” [“Hayek or the Political Economy of Liberty”]. Part 6 of Demain le libéralism [“Tomorrow Liberalism”]. Paris: Le Livre de Poche (8358L), Collection Pluriel, 1980, pp. 409–453.

Hayek—An Overview

– Liggio, Leonard P. “Hayek—An Overview.” Unpublished paper presented to The Carl Menger Society Conference entitled “Hayek—An Introductory Course,” London, December 6, 1980.

Hayek and the Invisible Hand

– Shearmur, Jeremy. “Hayek and the Invisible Hand.” Unpublished paper presented to the Seminar for Austro-German Philosophy at Carl Menger joint conference on Austrian Philosophy & Austrian Politics, London, April 26, 1980.

Hayek on Politics

– Shearmur, Jeremy. “Hayek on Politics.” Unpublished paper presented to The Carl Menger Society conference entitled “Hayek—An Introductory Course,” London, Dec. 6, 1980

Hayek on Law

– Smith, Graham. “Hayek on Law.” Unpublished paper presented to The Carl Menger Society conference entitled “Hayek—An Introductory Course,” London, Dec. 6, 1980.

Spontaneous Order and Traditionalism in Hayek

– Steele, David Ramsey. “Spontaneous Order and Traditionalism in Hayek.” Expanded version of a paper delivered to The Colloquium on Austrian Philosophy and Austrian Politics, organized jointly by The Seminar for Austro-German Philosophy & The Carl Menger Society, at The Institute of Contemporary Arts, London, April 26–27, 1980, 75 pp. (Available at the Institute for Humane Studies.)

Hayek on Socialism

– Steele, David Ramsey. “Hayek on Socialism.” Unpublished paper presented to The Carl Menger Society Conference entitled “Hayek—An Introductory Course,” London, Dec. 6, 1980.

The Political Economy of F.A. Hayek

– Gordon, Scott. “The Political Economy of F.A. Hayek.” Canadian Journal of Economics 14 (1981): 470–487.
Excerpt: “Why should a book on political philosophy be reviewed in an economics journal? If one reads the “Note to contributors” published regularly on the back cover of this… More

Hayek, the Answer Man

– “Hayek, the Answer Man.” The Washington Post (December 2, 1982), pp. C1, C17.
He is everything you want an 83-year-old Viennese conservative economist to be. Tall and rumpled. A pearl stickpin in his tie. A watch chain across his vest, even though he wears a digital… More

Constitution or Competition? Alternative Views on Monetary Reform

– Brown, Pamela. “Constitution or Competition? Alternative Views on Monetary Reform.” Literature of Liberty 5 (Autumn 1982): 7–52
Excerpt: Money, for practically as long as it has existed, has been employed to realize two fundamentally different sorts of goals: production or plunder. In a market economy, private… More

Hayek on Spontaneous Order

– Gray, John N. “Hayek on Spontaneous Order.” Unpublished paper presented to The Carl Menger Society Conference on Hayek, London, Oct. 30, 1982.

Hayek on Law

– Shearmur, Jeremy. “Hayek on Law.” Unpublished paper presented to The Carl Menger Society Conference on Hayek, London, October 30, 1982.

Mises, Hayek, Hahn and The Market Process: Comment on Littlechild

– White, Lawrence H. “Mises, Hayek, Hahn and The Market Process: Comment on Littlechild.” In Method, Process, and Austrian Economics: Essays in Honor of Ludwig von Mises. Edited by Israel M. Kirzner. Lexington, Mass. & Toronto: Lexington-Books, D.C. Heath and Company, 1982, pp. 103–110.
Excerpt: Littlechild correctly emphasizes Mises’s recognition that the conditions necessary for general equilibrium cannot be met in the real world. It is not so much that the future… More

F. A. Hayek and the Rebirth of Classical Liberalism by John Gray

– Gray, John. “F.A. Hayek and the Rebirth of Classical Liberalism.” In Literature of Liberty, Winter 1982, vol. 5, No. 4 (1982).
Excerpt: In the recent revival of public and scholarly interest in the values of limited government and the market order, no one has been more centrally significant than Friedrich A. Hayek.… More

Interview with F.A. Hayek

Policy Report. February 1983.
Excerpt: In December the Cato Institute launched its Distinguished Lecturer Series with an address by F. A. Hayek, 1974 Nobel laureate in economics and author of numerous books,… More

Justice and the Market

– MacLeod, A. M. Canadian Journal of Philosophy. Vol. 13, No. 4 (December, 1983), pp. 551-561.

Exclusive Interview with F.A. Hayek

– Blanchard, James U. Policy Report. May-June 1984.
Excerpt: F.A. Hayek is one of the world’s leading free-market economists and social philosophers. Besides the important 1944 bestseller, The Road to Serfdom, he has written books on… More

Hayek’s Transformation

– Caldwell, Bruce. History of Political Economy. Vol. 20, no. 4 (Winter 1988): pp. 513-541.

Hayek’s Bizarre Liberalism: A Critique

– Forsythe, Murray. Political Studies. Volume 36, Issue 2, pages 235–250, (June 1988).
Abstract: This paper questions the conventional view of F. A. Hayek as a reviver of ‘classical liberalism’. It argues that the foundation of Hayek’s doctrine is a naturalist or… More

Hayek as Humean

– Livingston, Donald W. Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society. Volume 5, Issue 2, (1991).
Abstract: In his Hayek and Modern Liberalism, Chandran Kukathas claims that Hayek’s political philosophy is fundamentally incoherent because it is heavily influenced from two… More

Hayek contra Pangloss on Evolutionary Systems

– Whitman, Douglas. Constitutional Political Economy, 9, 45–66 (1998).
Abstract. Some analysts have criticized Friedrich Hayek’s theory of cultural evolution for implying that the rules, customs, norms, and institutions that emerge from the evolutionary… More

Hayek: A Critique

– de Benoist, Alain. Telos. Vol. 1998, no. 110, 71-104 (December 21, 1998).
Excerpt: The “Club de l’Horloge” held its 5th annual meeting October 20–22 1989 in Nice, on “Liberalism at the People’s Service.” The general tone was “national… More

The Hayek Century

– Cassidy, John. Hoover Digest. June 2000. Adapted from The Price Prophet. New Yorker. February 7, 2000.
Summary: Economist and Hoover honorary fellow Friedrich Hayek spent seven decades extolling the supremacy of capitalism over socialism. For most of those decades, Hayek was a voice in the… More

The Roads to Serfdom

– Dalrymple, Theodore. City Journal. Spring 2005.
Excerpt: The growing spirit of collectivism in Britain during the war provoked an Austrian economist who had taken refuge there, F. A. von Hayek, to write a polemical counterblast to the… More

On Reading Hayek: Choice, Consequences and the Road to Serfdom

– Boettke, Peter J. European Journal of Political Economy. Vol. 21, pp. 1042-1053, 2005.
Abstract:  The basic thesis in The Road to Serfdom is that the lure of socialist ideology has the unintended and undesirable consequence of economic depravation and political tyranny when… More

The Limits of Spontaneous Order

– McNamara, Peter. Claremont Review of Books. Spring 2005.
Excerpt: Friedrich Hayek was an influence on Ronald Reagan and a substantial influence on Margaret Thatcher, not to mention on a legion of lesser lights in the conservative and libertarian… More

Hayek’s Challenge by Bruce Caldwell

– Caldwell, Bruce. Hayek's Challenge. Chicago, IL: University Of Chicago Press, December 15, 2005.
Summary: Friedrich A. Hayek is regarded as one of the preeminent economic theorists of the twentieth century, as much for his work outside of economics as for his work within it. During a… More

Hayek on Spontaneous Order and the Mirage of Social Justice by John Tomasi

– John Tomasi, "Hayek on Spontaneous Order and the Mirage of Social Justice," lecture, Manhattan Institute, June 20, 2007.
Excerpt: There is a problem with this simple reading of Hayek, however, and it has much vexed Hayek scholars. For while claiming to reject social justice, Hayek often invokes a standard of… More

Hayek and the Common Law

– Sandefur, Timothy. With responses by Daniel Klein, Bruce Caldwell, and John Hasnas. Cato Unbound. December 2009.
In his lead essay, lawyer and legal theorist Timothy Sandefur proposes that Friedrich Hayek’s understanding of law and justice is flawed: Spontaneous order may be a descriptively accurate… More

Why Friedrich Hayek Is Making a Comeback

– Roberts, Russ. Wall Street Journal, June 28, 2010.
Excerpt: He was born in the 19th century, wrote his most influential book more than 65 years ago, and he’s not quite as well known or beloved as the sexy Mexican actress who shares his… More

Ten (Mostly) Hayekian Insights for Trying Economic Times

– Caldwell, Bruce. Heritage Foundation. February 1, 2011.
Abstract: The economist Friedrich Hayek attempted in his writings to spotlight the interlocking set of ideas­—constructivist rationalism, scientism, socialism, “the engineering… More

The Road to Recovery

– Taylor, John B. City Journal. Summer 2012.
Excerpt: Few thinkers of the past century understood the importance of economic freedom better than the Austrian economist Friedrich Hayek did. As we confront our current situation,… More

Dueling Economists

– Allen, Charlotte, The Weekly Standard, July 1, 2013.
Excerpt: “In the long run, we are all dead,” Keynes famously declared, throwing down the gauntlet to classical economics. He believed that governments have a duty to intervene in the… More


Inside The Hayek Equation

– YouTube video, Liberty in Our Time.
Friedrich August von Hayek discusses economics and philosophy with students at Stanford University in the 1970’s.

Is There a Case for Private Property

– “Is There a Case for Private Property.” Firing Line. Columbia S.C.: Southern Educational Communications Association, 1977.
Firing Line with William F. Buckley

Unemployment and the Free Market

– Interview of Hayek, Firing Line, YouTube video.
Nobel Laureate F A Hayek is interviewed by Firing Line’s William F. Buckley Jr regarding unemployment, inflation, and John Maynard Keynes.

Hayek on Social Justice

– Interview of Hayek, Firing Line, YouTube video.
From Firing Line, William F Buckley Jr hosts a discussion on social justice with George Roche III (Hillsdale College) and Noble Laureate economist F. A. Hayek.

Axel Leijonhufvud interviews Friedrich A. Hayek

– The Hayek Interviews, Universidad Francisco Marroquín, Date unspecified.
Dr. Hayek speaks with Dr. Axel Leijonhufvud primarily about his academic career and intellectual pursuits. First Dr. Hayek tells of his eclectic course of study at university, including law… More

Earlene Craver interviews Friedrich A. Hayek

– The Hayek Interviews, Universidad Francisco Marroquín, 1978.
The influences on Dr. Hayek are numerous and varied. In this video, Dr. Hayek talks with Dr. Earlene Craver about his childhood and adolescence, including his interest in genetics and… More

James Buchanan interviews Friedrich A. Hayek

– The Hayek Interviews, Universidad Francisco Marroquín, October 28, 1978.
The dynamic development of laws interacting with legislation and politicians is discussed by Friedrich Hayek in this interview with James Buchanan. Examining the concept of social justice,… More

Armen A. Alchian interviews Friedrich A. Hayek (2 parts)

– The Hayek Interviews, Universidad Francisco Marroquín, November 11, 1978.
In this interview focusing on Hayek’s personal life, the importance of early academic experiences in his life are explored. Once in academia, his popular seminar and some of his… More

Robert Bork interviews Friedrich A. Hayek (3 parts)

– The Hayek Interviews, Universidad Francisco Marroquín, November 4, 1978.
Focusing primarily on the law, Robert Bork discovers the evolution of laws, legislation and society. Starting with the influences on his theory of law, John Stuart Mill and Charles Darwin… More

Tom Hazlett interviews Friedrich A. Hayek

– The Hayek Interviews, Universidad Francisco Marroquín, November 12, 1978.
Focusing on the political implications of Hayek’s ideas, Thomas Hazlett explores the position of governments in contemporary times. The development of government as a spontaneous… More

Leo Rosten interviews Friedrich A. Hayek (3 parts)

– The Hayek Interviews, Universidad Francisco Marroquín, November 15, 1978.
Relating his professional contacts to his research, Dr. Hayek tells several anecdotes and describes the influence of numerous colleagues on his work. Tracing the rise of Keynesianism, Dr.… More

Bernard Levin Interviews Hayek

– University of Freiburg, May 31, 1980.
Bernard LEVIN in conversation with economist Professor Freidrich HAYEK. Broadcast: 31st May 1980 at the University of Freiburg.

Firing Line, December 13, 1990.

The Legacy of Friedrich von Hayek

– Audio, Liberty Fund: Indianapolis, 1999.
This is a collection of 7 lectures which were given between October 7 and November 13 1999 to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the birth of the Austrian economist Friedrich von Hayek. The… More

“Fear the Boom and Bust” – a Rap Anthem

– EconStories, January 23, 2010. is a place to learn about the economic way of thinking through the eyes of creative director John Papola and creative economist Russ Roberts. In Fear the Boom and Bust, John… More

Hayek vs. Keynes

– Bruce Caldwell, INET Conference, King’s College, Cambridge University, April 8-11, 2010.
Excerpt: Tonight I will talk briefly about the Keynes-Hayek relationship, then will focus on some of Hayek’s insights that may be of relevance today. In the process I hope to clear up… More

EconTalk Episode with Bruce Caldwell on Hayek

– Audio, EconTalk, January 10, 2011.
Bruce Caldwell of Duke University and the General Editor of the Collected Works of F. A. Hayek, talks with EconTalk host Russ Roberts about Hayek, his life, his ideas, his books, and… More

Fight of the Century: Keynes vs. Hayek, Round Two

– EconStories, YouTube, April 27, 2011.
Produced by Emergent Order. Visit us at “Fight of the Century” is the new economics hip-hop music video by John Papola and Russ Roberts… More

CATO Panel on The Constitution of Liberty

– CATO Institute panel, BookTV, C-SPAN, April 28, 2011.
The Constitution of Liberty is a book by Austrian economist and Nobel Prize recipient Friedrich A. Hayek. The book was first published in 1960 by the University of Chicago Press, and it is… More

Interview: Hayek and Gary North – Part 1

– Interview with Hayek, date and location unknown, YouTube video.
The great free-market economist F.A. Hayek is interviewed by Dr. Gary North. Date and location this interview was conducted is unknown.

Interview: Hayek and Gary North – Part 2

– Interview with Hayek, date and location unknown, YouTube video.
The great free-market economist F.A. Hayek is interviewed by Dr. Gary North. Date and location this interview was conducted is unknown.

Masters Of Money – Part 2 – Friedrich Hayek

– Episode 2, BBC series, September 2012.
According to conventional wisdom, today’s global financial crisis happened because markets were not regulated enough. But what if the opposite is true? That it was excessive… More

Hayek and the Modern World: Economic Organization and Activity

– Conference, Jepson School of Leadership Studies, University of Richmond, April 12, 2013.
The Jepson School of Leadership Studies brought together invited scholars to explore economist Friedrich A. Hayek’s contributions to political economy in theory and practice and his… More

Friedrich Hayek’s Individualism and Economic Order

– Online Course, Instructor: Tyler Cowen, Marginal Revolution University, December 2013.
In this video series, Professor Tyler Cowen leads you on an essay-by-essay discussion of Friedrich Hayek’s essential economics text, Individualism and Economic Order. Why is the use… More

Jack High interviews Friedrich A. Hayek

– The Hayek Interviews, Universidad Francisco Marroquín, 1978.
Known as an economist to the world, Dr. Hayek talks with Jack High about the past and present in the realm of economics. Discussing the role of various economists had on his thinking,… More