"What the Framers Meant By Federalism." A Nation of States: Essays on the American Federal System. Ed. Robert A. Goldwin. Chicago: Rand McNally College Pub., 1974. 25-41.
Whether the United States would remain a loose confederation of proudly sovereign states or would adopt instead a strong, centralized national government was one of the foremost issues before the Federal Convention of 1787. In this essay, which was prepared for a conference on the state of American federalism and published in A Nation of States, edited by Robert A. Goldwin, Diamond describes the triumph of Madison’s theory of the large, commercial republic over the traditional idea of the small, virtuous republic, at the Federal Convention.