Responses to Fukuyama

Mansfield, Harvey, E. O. Wilson, Gertrude Himmelfarb, Robin Fox, Robert J. Samuelson, and Joseph S. Nye. "Responses to Fukuyama." The National Interest, no. 56. 1999.


Gertrude Himmelfarb: I suffer from the historian. the professional Philosophers deformation of the historian. Philosophers can see the eternal verities that transcend his- tory. Political scientists can see the abstract processes that underlie history. Historians can only see history itself, the “epiphenomena” of history, it might be said pejoratively – the messy, unpredictable, contradictory, transitory, yet ineluctable facts of history.

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