‘The Roads to Modernity’: Freedom Philosophers

McLemee, Scott, "The Roads to Modernity: Freedom Philosophers" New York Times, October 12, 2004.


IN 1995, William Kristol published a manifesto-like essay called “The Politics of Liberty, the Sociology of Virtue” — reprinted, the following year, as the final chapter of “The Essential Neoconservative Reader.” It was a heady time for the American right. There was the defeat of the Soviet Union, of course, and the containment (until further notice) of Saddam Hussein — not to mention the ’94 midterm elections, a k a the Gingrich revolution. Drawing up his ideological balance sheet, Kristol resisted the distractions of triumph. For the moment of victory seemed to present neoconservatives with an especially urgent and demanding task.

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