Book Edited: Alexis de Tocqueville’s Memoir on Pauperism

Drescher, Seymour(translator), Alexis de Tocqueville. 1968. Alexis de Tocqueville’s Memoir on Pauperism. Great Britain: Hartington Fine Arts Ltd, Lancing, West Sussex


The Authors:
Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-59) was born into an aristocratic
family in Paris. He began a career in government service in 1827
and spent a year in America preparing a study of the penal
system, which was published in 1833. The first part of Democracy
in America appeared in 1835. It was a great success and
established his reputation as a writer. The second part was
published in 1840. He was elected to the Académie Francaise in
1841, at the age of only 36. His other major work, The Old
Régime and the Revolution, was published in 1856. This was to
be the first part of a longer history of the French Revolution and
the Napoleonic era, but ill health prevented the appearance of
any further volumes. He died in 1859 in Cannes.
Gertrude Himmelfarb, Professor of History Emeritus at the
Graduate School of the City University of New York, is the author
of The Idea of Poverty: England and the Early Industrial Age,
London: Faber and Faber, 1984; and Poverty and Compassion:
The Moral Imagination of the Late Victorians, New York: Knopf,
1991. The UK edition of her book The De-moralization of Society:
From Victorian Virtues to Modern Values was published by the IEA
Health and Welfare Unit in 1995.
A Note on the Text
The ‘Memoir on Pauperism’, translated by Seymour Drescher,
appeared in his edition of Tocqueville and Beaumont on Social
Reform, New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1968, pp. 1-27. Drescher
is University Professor of History at the University of Pittsburgh.
He is a member of the Commission nationale pour la publication
des Oeuvres d’Alexis de Tocqueville and the author of Tocqueville
and England, 1964 and Dilemmas of Democracy: Tocqueville and
Modernization, 1968, which analyses the context of the ‘Memoir’.

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Memoir on Pauperism