Hayek’s Bizarre Liberalism: A Critique

Forsythe, Murray. Political Studies. Volume 36, Issue 2, pages 235–250, (June 1988).


This paper questions the conventional view of F. A. Hayek as a reviver of ‘classical liberalism’. It argues that the foundation of Hayek’s doctrine is a naturalist or physicalist conception of man which is at variance with the classic tenets of liberalism. It shows how Hayek’s theory of society and of the abstract rules that ought to govern society are partly a continuation and partly a contradiction of his physicalist notion of man. The paper draws particular attention to Hayek’s work The Sensory Order and to the sometimes overlooked influence of Ernst Mach on his ideas.

Wiley Online Library